Institute for Telecommunication Sciences
the research laboratory of the National Telecommunications and Information Administration

J. Wayde Allen

Abstract: In radio frequency (RF) measurements the gain (or loss) of the signal path connecting the measurement equipment to the measurement reference plane must be accounted for. This tutorial paper discusses the various definitions of gain, and how to determine the gain using either a calibrated signal generator, noise source, or network analyzer.

Keywords: gain; calibration; available power; cable loss; delivered power; mismatch


To request a reprint of this report, contact:

Lilli Segre, Publications Officer
Institute for Telecommunication Sciences
(303) 497-3572
lsegre@ntia.doc.gov

For technical information concerning this report, contact:

J. Wayde Allen
Institute for Telecommunication Sciences
(303) 497-5871
wallen@ntia.doc.gov


Disclaimer: Certain commercial equipment, components, and software may be identified in this report to specify adequately the technical aspects of the reported results. In no case does such identification imply recommendation or endorsement by the National Telecommunications and Information Administration, nor does it imply that the equipment or software identified is necessarily the best available for the particular application or uses.

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