Institute for Telecommunication Sciences
the research laboratory of the National Telecommunications and Information Administration

Robert L. Hinkle; Robert M. Pratt; Jay S. Levy

Abstract: The National Telecommunications and Information Administration (NTIA) in the Department of Commerce undertook a detailed program to investigate the signal processing properties of the primary radars in the 2.7 to 2.9 GHz band, and the Automated Radar Terminal System (ARTS- 111A) post processor planned for use by the Federal Aviation Administration on the Airport Surveillance Radars (ASRs). This investigation was the second investigation in a series of tasks undertaken by NTIA as part of a spectrum resource assessment of the 2 .7 to 2.9 GHz band. The overall objective of the spectrum resource assessment was to assess the degree of congestion in the band in designated areas in the United States , and to promote more effective utilization of the band. The investigation into the signal processing properties of the primary radars and ARTS-111A included the transfer properties of noise, desired signal, and asynchronous interference along with a detailed parametric analysis of the trade- offs to the desired signal performance in suppressing asynchronous interference. As a result of the investigation, it was concluded that all radars in the 2.7 to 2.9 GHz band have a very low duty cycle (less than 0.2%) thus permitting the use of signal processing techniques in the radars and post processors for suppression of interference to obtain more efficient utilization of the 2 .7 to 2 .9 GHz band. The use of integrators (enhancers) and other digital signal processing techniques along with the trend of displaying synthetic video on the Plan Position Indicator (PPI ) display provides the capability of suppressing asynchronous interference, while also permitting the enhancement of weak desired targets that are below the radar receiver system noise level. Also, with properly designed signal processing techniques, the trade-offs in suppressing the asynchronous interference (target azimuth shift, angular resolution, and desired signal sensitivity) in low duty cycle radars are minimal. In summary, some spectrum conservation techniques can be used by the radiodetermination services in the 2.7 to 2.9 GHz band to obtain more efficient utilization of the spectrum. Also, the current hardware in the later model primary radars and the ARTS-111A will suppress asynchronous interference with trade-offs to the desired signal performance.

Keywords: ARTS-IIIA; interference suppression; primary radar; signal processing; simulation

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Institute for Telecommunication Sciences
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Disclaimer: Certain commercial equipment, components, and software may be identified in this report to specify adequately the technical aspects of the reported results. In no case does such identification imply recommendation or endorsement by the National Telecommunications and Information Administration, nor does it imply that the equipment or software identified is necessarily the best available for the particular application or uses.

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